The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms are the sexual apparatus of the Fungi

The largest part of a fungal organism lives in the substrate: soil, logs, and leaves.

Mushrooms are invisible to humans, it is made of microscopic white threat, called Hyphae or Mycelium

Hyphae grow through the substrate searching for food, it secreted powerful enzymes into the substrate to break down large and complex molecular structures into compounds the Mycelium can absorb and digest.

Hyphae come together to form reproductive structures we called mushrooms, trigger by environmental cues especially rain and heat.

We categorize mushrooms by comparing the means by which dispersed are produced.

Ascomycetes produce spores with microscopic cigar-shaped sacs called asci. Basidiomycetes produce spores with microscopic club-shaped end called basidia.

Basidiomycetes fruiting bodies come in many forms but always have spore-bearing surfaces called Hymenium.

The shape of a mushroom has two main functions:

  • Offering maximum surface in a minimum of space for spore production, Hymenia in form of gills pores etc.
  • Optimal spore dispersing. Some are protected under cups other exposed on the branches like corals.

Basidiomycetes of the class Agaricales have an umbrella-like, cap-and-stem body shape and spores are borne on gills.

Many of the colorful and abundant Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador can be found in the depths of the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve all year round.

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The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador are essential functional components of the Amazonian ecosystem as decomposers, symbionts, and pathogens and they represent one of the most biodiverse groups of organisms on earth.

However, our knowledge of their diversity and ecological function in Neotropical Amazonian Lowland forests is limited.

The ecological interaction of macrofungi with other organisms in these forests is poorly understood due to the largely unexplored, but likely huge, fungal diversity, as well as the cryptic and ephemeral nature of many fungal species.

A major part of the global but unknown fungal biodiversity is assumed to occur in tropical regions.

The favorable environmental conditions throughout the year, a higher diversity of vascular plants that create niches and microhabitats for fungi, and the presence of many ecotones.

The diversity of macrofungi in tropical rainforests showed that the highest diversity in the Neotropics occurred in the Amazon Basin fungi being most species-rich.

  • Aphyllophoralean,

  • Pyrenomycetous,

  • Xylariaceous and

  • Hyphomycetous

The Amazon Rainforest is the perfect location if you would like to become a Fungi, the constant humidity combine with heat, the same one you feel in the ambiance as you drop off the airplane from the rustic airport, that unpleasant humidity turns out to be, the perfect combination for fungi to diversity in the Amazon Basin.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

The Mushrooms and Fungi in the Amazon Rainforest plays an important role in the ecology of this huge wilderness, these organisms do a critical job of decomposing all kinds of materials from the forest itself.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

Everything is a resource in the forest, watch it: Follow an old and finished canopy leaf falling to the ground.. where the community of mushroom, fungi, mycelium and many invertebrates specialized in turning useful everything to the basic elements of nature: Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

A tiny portion of the colors and shapes of the diversity of Mushrooms and Fungi of the Amazon Rainforest, can be found during a short walk in the trails nearby, move slowly, fix looks in the ground, along trunk, nearby a light gap can be very rewarding, some mushrooms and fungi are still in use by indigenous people to treat, diseases or food in some cases.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

The diversity of Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador captured in photos after a short walk around the trails of Shiripuno Amazon Lodge. Enjoy it.

Where to find them?

  • Light Gaps, all tree falls are suitable places to find them
  • Rotting Trees,
  • Soil in Terra Firme
  • Soil in Varzea
  • Territories

Have fun finding them in the forest.

Common Mushroom and Fungi of the Rainforest

You can find the Common Mushrooms and Fungi of the Amazon Rainforest when having a gentle walk in the forest, look around for places with dead trunks, decomposing fruits, termites nest or nat colonies can be a good place to find them, here is a short list you can find:

Cookeina

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Cookeina is a genus of cup fungi in the family Sarcoscyphaceae, members of which may be found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Species may be found on fallen branches of angiosperms, trunks, and sometimes on fruits. The Temuans of Peninsular Malaysia are reported to use certain species from this genus as food, and also as bait for fishing, where it is rubbed against the hook. (Source: Wikipedia )

Coprinellus

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Coprinellus is a genus of mushroom-forming fungi in the family Psathyrellaceae. The genus was circumscribed by Petter Karsten in 1879. Most Coprinellus species were transferred from the once large genus Coprinus. Molecular studies published in 2001 redistributed Coprinus species to Psathyrella, or the segregate genera Coprinopsis and Coprinellus. As of January 2016, Index Fungorum accepts 62 species of Coprinellus. Wikipedia

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

 

Come and Enjoy the Diversity of Mushrooms and Fungi you will see during our trip to Ecuador.