Learn about the Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

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The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador are essential functional components of the Amazonian ecosystem as decomposers, symbionts, and pathogens and they represent one of the most biodiverse groups of organisms on earth.

However, our knowledge of their diversity and ecological function in Neotropical Amazonian Lowland forests is limited. The ecological interaction of macrofungi with other organisms in these forests is poorly understood due to the largely unexplored, but likely huge, fungal diversity, as well as the cryptic and ephemeral nature of many fungal species.

A major part of the global but unknown fungal biodiversity is assumed to occur in tropical regions, where the diversity of fungi may be higher than in temperate regions, because of more favorable environmental conditions throughout the year, a higher diversity of vascular plants that create niches and microhabitats for fungi, and the presence of many ecotones.

The diversity of macrofungi in tropical forests showed that the highest diversity in the Neotropics occurred in the Amazon basin with aphyllophoralean, pyrenomycetous, xylariaceous and hyphomycetous fungi being most species-rich.

The Amazon Rainforest is the perfect location if you would like to become a Fungi, the constant humidity combine with heat, the same one you feel in the ambiance as you drop off the airplane from the rustic airport, that unpleasant humidity turns out to be, the perfect combination for fungi to diversity in the Amazon Basin.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

The Mushrooms and Fungi in the Amazon Rainforest plays an important role in the ecology of this huge wilderness, these organisms do a critical job of decomposing all kinds of materials from the forest itself.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

Everything is a resource in the forest, watch it: From an old and finished canopy leaf falling to the ground where the community of mushroom, fungi,  and many invertebrates specialized in turning useful everything to the basic elements of nature: Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

A tiny portion of the colors and shapes of the diversity of Mushrooms and Fungi of the Amazon Rainforest, can be found during a short walk in the trails nearby, move slowly, fix looks in the ground, along trunk, nearby a light gap can be very rewarding, some mushrooms and fungi are still in use by indigenous people to treat, diseases or food in some cases.

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. All taken at Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

The diversity of Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador captured in photos after a short walk around the trails of Shiripuno Amazon Lodge. Enjoy it.

Where to find them?

  • Light Gaps

  • Rotting Trees

  • The soil in Terra Firme

  • Soil in Varzea

  • Territories

Have fun finding them in the forest.

The Mushroom and Fungi are organized in the following order:

ASCOMYCOTA: CUP FUNGI

  • Cookenia tricholoma

  • Cookenia speciosa

  • Phillipsia domingensi

  • Daldinia eschscholzii

  • Entonaema pallida

ASCOMYCOTA: CORDYCEPS & ALLIES

-discovered by the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace in 1859.

  • Cordyceps cylindrica

  • Metacordyceps martialis

  • Ophiocordyceps amazonica

  • Ophiocordyceps nutans

  • Ophiocordyceps australis

ASCOMYCOTA:  XYLARIA & ALLIES

  • Camillea leprieurii

  • Xylobotryum portentous

  • Xylaria telfairii

  • Xylaria sp

  • Thamnomyces chordallis

BASIDIOMYCOTA: JELLY FUNGI, GASTEROMYCETES, CORAL

  • Auricularia fuscosuccinea

  • Auricularia delicata

  • Dacryopinax spathularia

  • Tremella fuciformis

  • Tremellodendron schweinitzii

BASIDIOMYCOTA: GASTEROMYCETES

  • Laternea dringii

  • Phallus sp.

  • Staheliomyces cintus

  • Clathrus sp

  • Geastrum schweinitzii

  • Myriostoma coliforme

  • Lycoperdon nigrescens

  • Calvatia cyathiformis

BASIDIOMYCOTA: CORAL

  • Ramaria sp.

  • Scytinopogon angulisporus

  • Deflexula sprucei

  • Deflexula subsimplex

  • Phlebopus sp

MYXOGASTRIA: SLIME MOLDS

  • Arcyria denudata

  • Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa

BASIDIOMYCOTA: NON-AGARIC

  • Cymatoderma dendriticum

  • Cymatoderma dendriticum

  • Hydnopolyporus sp.

  • Cotylidia aurantiaca

  • Hymenochaete damaecornis

BASIDIOMYCOTA: AGARICALES – GILLED MUSHROOMS

  • Pleurotus djamor

  • Neonothopanus sp

  • Oudemansiella canari

  • Macrolepiota colombiana

  • Lepiota hemisclera

  • Leucocoprinus birnbaumii

  • Marasmius haematocephalus

  • Marasmius berteroi

  • Marasmius cladophyllus

  • Marasmiellus volvatus

  • Marasmiellus sp

  • Tetrapyrgos nigripes

  • Collybia nivea

  • Collybia aurea

  • Hygrocybe sp

  • Xeromphalina tenuipes

  • Trogia cantharelloides

  • Favoloschia sp

  • Schizophyllum commune

  • Psilocybe cubensis

  • Coprinellus disseminatus

  • Agaricus sp

  • Vovariella sp

  • Polyporus trichloma

  • Favolus tenuiculus

  • Lentinus concavus

  • Lentinus strigosus

  • Earliella scabrosa

  • Pycnoporus sanguineus

  • Lenzites elegans

  • Amauroderma sprucei

  • Ganoderma applanatum

  • Rigidoporus microporus

Common Mushroom and Fungi

Cookeina

The Mushrooms and Fungi from the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Cookeina is a genus of cup fungi in the family Sarcoscyphaceae, members of which may be found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Species may be found on fallen branches of angiosperms, trunks, and sometimes on fruits. (Source: Wikipedia )

Coprinellus

Ecuador Mushrooms and Fungi Trip

Coprinellus is a genus of mushroom-forming fungi in the family Psathyrellaceae. Accepted 62 species of Coprinellus.

Mushrooms and Fungi from the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

Ecuador Mushrooms and Fungi Trip

Come and Enjoy the Diversity of Mushrooms and Fungi on Our trip to Ecuador.