Animals of the Rainforest in Ecuador

Learn about the Animals of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

We present to you some of the most Popular Animals living in the largest tropical rainforest in the world. Many of them you can also find them in other countries in South America.

Get familiar with their life history, sounds, and many videos of the animals can find during our  Amazon Nature Trips.

What types of animals live in a tropical rainforest?

Rainforests are tremendously rich in animal life. Rainforests are populated with insects (like butterflies and beetles), arachnids (like spiders and ticks), worms, reptiles (like snakes and lizards), amphibians (like frogs and toads), birds (like parrots and toucans), and mammals (like sloths and jaguars).

Where do animals live in the rainforest?

All Life lives in different strata of the rainforest. For example, birds and tree frogs live in the upper leaves of the trees (canopy) and in the emergent trees, other creatures like howler monkeys and sloths also live in the canopy.

Large animals (like jaguars anteaters, tapirs, and deers) generally live on the forest floor also known as the understory,  Insects are found almost everywhere.

Anacondas, dolphins in the water, electric ells in the black water system.

Many species of rainforest animals are endangered and many others have gone extinct as the number of acres of rainforests on Earth disappears.

How animals can live in the rainforest?

Animals are always in danger of being eaten and have developed many methods of protecting themselves.

Hiding: Some animals simply hide from predators, concealing themselves in burrows, under rocks or leaves, in tree hollows, or in other niches where they are hard to find.

Camouflage: Camouflage is another way of hiding in which the animal blends into its environment. Many animals, like the “walking stick” insect and the  Bia Actorion Butterfly, are camouflaged so well that they are virtually invisible when they are standing still. Sloths are covered with a greenish layer of algae which camouflages their fur in their arboreal environment. Sloths also move very slowly, making them even harder to spot.

Scaring predators: Some animals try to convince predators that they are bigger and more fierce than they are. For example, the larva of the lobster moth (Stauropus fagi), whose larva looks like a scorpion, but is completely defenseless. Many butterflies have large “eye” designs on their wings. This makes them look like the head of a very large animal instead of a harmless butterfly and scares many predators away.

Warning colors: Poisonous animals openly advertise their defense methods, usually with bright colors and flashy patterns.

When a predator eats one member of the group, it will get sick.

This memory will stay with the predator, who will avoid that type of animal in the future.

This method sacrifices a few individuals to protect the entire group.

Examples of poisonous animals include the Monarch butterfly.

Other animals (poisonous or not) have come to mimic poisonous butterflies, obtaining the benefits of their poisonous “twins.” This is called mimicry.

Why is Important to Conserve the rainforest?

The rainforest is home to more than half of the world’s animals. Colorful and unusual animals dwell in all layers of the forest.

Rainforest is described as a tall, hot, and dense forest near the equator and is believed to be the oldest living ecosystem on Earth that get the maximum amount of rainfall.

If you don’t know too much about tropical rainforests, then you will probably be surprised to find that there are a few little-known facts out there

Here you will find some important facts about the tropical rainforest that you may not have known previously.

Rainforests only cover around 2 percent of the total surface area of the Earth but hold about 50 percent of the plants and animals on the planet.

Which mammals live in the rainforest?

Giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla)

The largest living anteater can eat up to 30000 ants a day, its sense of smell is 40 times more powerful than ours. It is one of four living species of anteaters, the only extant member of the genus Myrmecophaga, and is classified with sloths.

The Giant Anteater is living here for the last 25 Million Years and Counting.

Amazon River Dolphin (Inia geoffrensis)

The Amazon River Dolphin looks remarkably different from its more familiar, ocean-faring cousin.

Its body is pale pink, with an elongated neck that can be moved left and right, a long snout reminiscent of a beak, a rounded head, and a smaller dorsal fin. It feeds on small fish, crabs, and turtles.

The Amazon River dolphin is the largest. They are also the most intelligent of the five living species of river dolphins.

Their brain capacity is 40% larger when compared to that of humans. These dolphins do sleep but with one eye open.

Like many other aquatic animals in the Amazon, the Dolphin is threatened by pollution and various development projects which restrict the river’s natural flow.

Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris)

The Capybara is the largest rodent in the world, measuring up to 4 feet in length and weighing up to 140 pounds.

Their name derives from Tupi, which means “grass-eater.”  A fully grown Capybara can eat up to 8 pounds of grass per day.

They like water and are commonly found in swampy areas, or near lakes and rivers. They’re also very sociable, living in groups of 10 to 30 individuals.

Capybaras communicate through a combination of scent and sound, being very vocal animals with purrs and alarm barks, whistles and clicks, squeals and grunts

Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus)

The Giant Armadillo is only found in the Amazon, where it can reach up to 5 feet long and weigh up to 120 pounds.

The Armadillo’s casing can be used for offense as well as defense, and they also possess long front claws and between 80 and 100 teeth (more than any other mammal).

They’re nocturnal animals and live in a complex system of burrows. Sadly, hunting and the black market trade are endangering the Giant Armadillo’s survival:

Its population numbers have reportedly decreased by 50% over the last 30 years.

Giant River Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis)

The Giant River Otter is endemic to the Amazon basin.

Its body can reach up to around 5 feet in length (plus a 3-foot tail), and it has webbed hands and feet that are perfect for swimming and hunting in the Amazon River’s tributaries.

It is often seen feasting of fish and other small prey in oxbow lakes, which are created by slow-flowing rivers changing course, and in other slow-flowing rivers and swamps.

Hunting, water pollution, and habitat loss are the main causes of their decreasing population numbers.

Jaguar (Panthera onca)

This is the big cat par excellence of South America, and the Amazon rainforest is one of the Jaguar’s last remaining strongholds.

Jaguar numbers are decreasing fast because of illegal hunting and loss of habitat. It’s estimated that only around 6000 individuals survive in the Peruvian Amazon.

These big cats are excellent at climbing, swimming, and hunting in the trees. As a result, you may hear them in the jungle, but it’s very difficult to see them through the dense canopy.

Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi)

The Jaguarundi is one of the smaller wild cats found in the Amazon. They have short legs, a long body, and an even longer tail.

They also have short, rounded ears and a uniformly colored coat, which can be either brownish-gray or chestnut-red.

They typically measure between 21 and 30 inches, with a tail almost as long as their body, and weigh between seven and 20 pounds.

Jaguarundis are mainly solitary and active during the day, unlike most felines. Their diet includes small felines, reptiles, and ground-feeding birds, as Jaguarundis hunt more on the ground than in trees.

Lophostoma Yasuni Bat ( Lophostoma Yasuni)

There are hundreds of Bat species in the Amazon, and the Lophostoma Yasuni Bat is one of the most peculiar-looking ones. It’s named after Yasuni National Park, where it is endemic.

With its protruding ears (which can reach up to a third of the length of the body) and proboscis, it looks like a fantasy creature halfway between a Gremlin and a Fennec Fox.

Like most other Bats, it eats insects. It wasn’t discovered until 2004, so very little is known about it, but scientists suggest it is likely threatened by habitat loss.

Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)

It has been estimated that there are around 150 Ocelots per 62 square miles within Yasunì National Park– a remarkable density, given the scarcity of other big cats.

The Ocelot is Latin America’s third-largest cat, behind the Jaguar and Puma.

They’re usually active at night when they’re out hunting birds, fish, or small mammals, and spend the day resting in trees.

Ocelots look a bit like large domestic cats, and they have golden fur covered in spots. For this reason, they are also known as the “dwarf leopard.”

Puma (Puma concolor)

The Puma is the second largest cat in the Americas, after the Jaguar. Their habitat range is the largest of any wild carnivore in the Western Hemisphere.

They’re found as far north as Yukon and as far south as the Andes. Pumas are solitary by nature and mostly hunt at night.

Their prey in the Amazon include monkeys, birds, wild pigs, armadillos, and capybara.

Pumas are more closely related to smaller felines like the house cat, with whom they share behaviors such as purring and the inability to roar.

Once common, Pumas are increasingly threatened because of loss of habitat and persecution from locals over the fear of livestock attacks.

Pygmy Marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea)

There are approximately 150 species of monkeys found in the Amazon. The Pygmy Marmoset is one of the world’s tiniest primate species, and the smallest one found in the Peruvian and Ecuadorian Amazon.

It weighs just over 3.5 oz, and its height is between 4.5 and 6 inches.

They live in troops that average around 6 individuals, and they can be found on trees near swamps or streams, feeding mainly on tree sap, insects, small fruit, and nectar.

Pygmy Marmosets are very small and shy, and thus viewings are extremely difficult.

South American Tapir (Tapirus terrestris)

There are four Latin American species of Tapir, all of which are classified as vulnerable or endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The South American Tapir is the largest land mammal in the Ecuadorian Amazon, but it ranks among the Jaguar’s favorite prey.

They can grow up to 6.5 feet long and weigh up to 550 pounds, yet they move quickly on land and are also excellent swimmers. Deforestation and hunting are the main threats to the Tapir’s survival.

Common Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus)

Animals of the Rainforest

Often seen throughout the Amazon Basin, these monkeys are called “Squirrel” because they’re small and agile and spend most of their life in trees, feeding primarily on fruits and insects.

However, unlike most other New World monkeys, they can’t use their tail for climbing. On average, Squirrel Monkeys range between 9.8 and 14 inches in height and weigh 1.7 to 2.4 pounds.

They have short, brown-grey fur on their head and shoulders, and yellow-ochre fur on their back and extremities.

The fur on their face is black and white, making them vaguely resemble a skeleton. For this reason, the German name for Squirrel Monkeys is Totenkopfaffen, meaning “Death’s Head Monkey.”

READ MORE: New Amazon Animals Discovered!

Which birds live in the rainforest?

Blue-and-Yellow Macaw

The Blue-and-Yellow Macaw is one the largest birds in the forest by length, measuring 81 – 91 cm from the tip of its tail to the top of its head. Blue-and-Yellow refers to the color of its feathers, which are blue on the entire body with some yellow chest.

Along with the Scarlet and Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Blue-and-yellow Macaw can be seen crossing in the skies of the Amazon Rainforest.

Their diets mainly consist of fruit and nuts from native Amazonian trees and palms, which they break with their strong hooked beaks.

They use their tongue to reach into the shell of nuts, and their talons to hang onto trees. Sadly, Blue-and-Yellow Macaw has endangered: Their main threat is the illegal pet trade and habitat fragmentation.

Hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin)

Animals of the Rainforest in Ecuador
Hoatzin is the most bizarre bird in the Amazon Rainforest. Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

Hoatzin is genetically enigmatic, whose chicks possess claws on two of their wing digits and is also colloquially known as the Stinkbird due to the manure-like odor caused by its unique digestive system.

The noises they make are just as odd, including a bizarre variety of groans, croaks, hisses, and grunts that are often associated with their body movements.

King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa)

Common throughout Central and South America, King Vultures are arguably among the most beautiful birds of the Amazon Rainforest.

They measure between 26 and 32 inches, with a 4-7 foot wingspan. After the Condor, they’re the largest of all the New World vultures.

It’s believed that the “King” in their name derived from an old Mayan legend that saw King Vultures as messengers between the living and the gods.

Their body is mainly white, with long black feathers on their wings and tails.

They have no feathers on their head and neck, but their skin is vividly colored in red and purple shades on the head, orange on the neck, and yellow on the throat.

Like all vultures, they’re scavengers helping to keep the ecosystem clean of carrion.

Spectacled Owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata)

The Spectacled Owl is the only owl species found in the Amazon rainforest. It’s medium-sized, measuring approximately 18-20 inches in height.

It has a rounded head and no ear tufts, and a dark-feathered face with markings resembling spectacles made of white eyebrows and other white streaks on the cheeks.

The favorite habitat of Spectacled Owls is thick, primary rainforest, but they sometimes move to sparser woodlands when hunting.

They’re solitary birds, most active during the night.

They hunt very effectively by swooping down from their roost to catch their prey.

Any kind of rodent or small mammal can potentially fall prey to the Spectacled Owl… even Sloths!

White-throated Toucan

The White-throated Toucan is the largest and best-known of the Seven Toucan Species of the Ecuadorian Amazon.

The black plumage with a white throat and breast bordered below with a narrow red line. The rump is bright yellow and the crissum (the area around the cloaca) is red.

The bare skin around the eye is blue. The most striking feature is their oversized bill, which is The bill has a yellow tip, upper ridge, and base of the upper mandible, and the base of the lower mandible is blue.

The rest of the bill is mainly black and mainly reddish-brown and measures between 12.2 to 22 cm. Since total length It has a total length of 50–61 cm (19.5–24 in), they look awkward when flying. But their bill is quite light since it’s hollow.

toucans are sociable birds and are often seen flying in small groups, especially at sunset.

They’re omnivores, using their bill to reach for insects, fruit, and small reptiles, as well as other birds and their eggs.

READ MORE: Guide to Ecuadorian Amazon Birds

Which reptiles and reptiles live in the rainforest?

Spectacled Caiman (Caiman crocodilus)

The Spectacled Caiman is known as the common caiman, a medium-sized crocodilian, with a total length in males 2.7 m;  is extremely adaptable in terms of habitat requirements, occupying rivers, creeks, lagoons, lakes, borrow pits, swamps, and wetlands.

Female Spectacled Caimans reach sexual maturity at about 1.2 m total length and lay an average of 28-32 eggs in a mound nest, usually during the annual wet season.

Spectacled caiman behavior includes complex sound signals: “warning calls” emitted by females to the young; “distress calls” emitted by juveniles; and, “group cohesion calls” emitted by all individuals.

Males display social behaviors: “vertical tail” and “arch tail” with sub-audible vibrations, barks, and visual displays.  The hatchlings and juvenile groups remain together under female care for 12-18 months.


It is the largest snake native to the Americas and found in the northern part of South America (including the Amazon),

In the genus, Eunectes (“good swimmer” in Greek), Anaconda is the heaviest and one of the longest known snake species.

It usually measures about 17-20 feet long, with a weight ranging between 60 and 150 pounds.

They’re non-venomous snakes, killing their prey by wrapping around and adjusting the pressure at every breath, Anacondas dislocate their jaws for swallowing it whole.

They can kill large animals such as Capybara, Tapirs, or even Jaguars, but there’s little evidence of attacks on humans.

Anacondas spend most of their time near water: For this reason, they’re also commonly known as “Boas.”

Poison Dart Frogs

The Ecuador Poison Dart Frog (Ameerega bilinguis), in the family Dendrobatidae found in Colombia, Ecuador, and possibly Peru.

Its natural habitats are forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.

The flashy and brilliant colors of this species constitute a warning for its potential predators that its skin produces poison, a feature that makes it an undesirable food source.

It is very common to hear the male singing from slightly elevated areas in search of a female. After the eggs hatch, the adults transport the tadpoles on their backs to ponds, where the tadpoles complete their development.

South American River Turtle

The South American River Turtle (Podocnemis expansa), is the largest freshwater turtle in the Amazon.

It can grow up to 200 pounds and measure around 3.5 ft long. They’re mostly vegetarian and play an important role in maintaining a healthy riverine ecosystem.

The South American River Turtle (Podocnemis expansa) are scavengers, so they keep the rivers clean by removing dead organic materials.

The presence of River Turtles in the Amazon is considered a sign of the ecological well-being of a given area of the river.
Today, they are now under threat because of hunting, egg collection, habitat loss, and pollution.

Toucans of the Rainforest in Ecuador

Learn to Recognize the Song of the Toucans from the Rainforest of Ecuador.

Listen and Get familiar with Toucans Songs and learn about the Diversity of Birds living in the Rainforest in Ecuador.

In the Amazon Lowlands of Ecuador, during our Birding Trips in the Rainforest, we have the chance to encounter find the following species of toucans.

1.- Lettered Aracari (Pteroglossus inscriptus)

Lettered Aracari is principally green above, with a red rump, and yellow below, with a black head (rufous in females) marked by an extensive blue patch of orbital skin. The bill is largely yellow, with vertical black marks (script or “letters”) along the cutting edge of the maxilla.

2.- Chestnut-eared Aracari (Pteroglossus castanotis)

The Chestnut-eared Aracari distinguished by the blue patch of skin around a light eye and a single red band on its yellow belly.

3.- Many-banded Aracari (Pteroglossus pluricinctus)

The Many-banded Aracari has large, black-and-yellow striped bills and bare, blue skin around their eyes. Their plumage is primarily black, although they have green tail feathers and are characterized by two reddish bands that run horizontally across their chest.

4.- Ivory-billed Aracari (Pteroglossus azara)

The Ivory-billed Aracari has a black cap, nape, and chestnut rest of the head and upper breast. The upperparts are dusky-green with a red mantle. The underparts are tri-colored with a broad red breast band above a broad black middle band, and yellow rest of the belly. The bill is creamy yellow with brown on most of the lower mandible.

5.- Golden-collared Toucanet (Selenidera reinwardtii)

The male is black below, and on the head, green above, red under tail coverts, with a bright yellow cheek. The bill is bright red with a dark tip, and the facial skin is blue-green. It also has a bright yellow collar, from which it gets its name, but can be relatively difficult to see. Females are equally gaudy but have all the black replaced by rich chestnut.

6.- White-throated Toucan (Ramphastos tucanus)

The White-throated Toucan is black with white breast, throat, cheeks, and rump. The under tail coverts are red. The bill is black. The ridge of the upper mandible is yellow. It has blue bare skin around the eyes.

7.- Channel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos vitellinus)

The Channel-billed Toucan is black with white breast, throat, cheeks, and rump. It has red under tail coverts. The bill is black. The ridge and base of the upper mandible are yellow. It has blue bare skin around the eyes. It is nearly identical to White-throated Toucan, but it is slightly smaller with a shorter bill.

Frogs of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Learn about the Frogs living in the Amazon Rainforest of Ecuador.

We invite you to check in the fascinating world of the Frogs of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Until three decades ago, the site considered as the most diverse in the world in amphibians and reptiles was the town of Santa Cecilia, The studies while the forest was being deforested and the soil moved with excavators in 1978. in Sucumbíos, Ecuador.

Frogs of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Bromeliad Tree Frog

In a closer region with high species richness, Leticia in the Amazon Colombia reported 98 species of anurans species.

Another remote region with high species richness reported 111 species of amphibians for the Manú National Park in Peru.

The next area with an exceptional diversity of amphibians in the Yasuní National Biosphere, where more than 130 species of amphibians have been recorded in a single locality.

Upon seeing all these comparisons, the high richness of amphibian, as well as the extreme concentration of diversity in a small area, clearly indicates the importance of the Yasuní, it is mandatory to conserve one of the richest herpetofauna communities in the entire world.

There are many species frogs that remain to be described for science, we know little or nothing about their natural history of Amazonian amphibians, their state of conservation and risk of extinction in the face of factors such as the destruction of habitats or climate changes at local, regional and global scales

Frogs of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Trachycepahlus Tree Frog ~ Shiripuno Lodge ~ Amazon Herping Week

The Ambihians Numbers 

The local diversity (alpha diversity) of amphibians in Ecuador reaches its highest value in the Tropical Amazonian Humid Forest.
The endemism in the Amazon Tropical Rainforest in Ecuador rach only 15.9 %.
The greatest species richness is concentrated in the Amazonian provinces: Napo, Sucumbíos, and Pastaza. Notably, the diversity of the province of Napo (199 species) surpasses that of entire countries such as Argentina or Canada.

Frogs of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Shiripuno Lodge ~ The Amazon Horned Rain Frog, it’s a ground-dweller amphibian using its camouflage waits for its prey to pass by, the sit-and-wait technique is used by many species of the Amazon Rainforest.

Conservation of the Frogs in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

About 19 amphibian species that were unknown to science up to that time. Ten of these species have been described in recent years based on specimens collected in Ecuador

  • A species of toad: Rhaebo ecuadoriensis
  • Five species of tree frogs: Osteocephalus Yasuni, Boana alfaroi, Boana maculateralis, Boana nympha, and Dendropsophus shiwiarum
  • A species of rocket frog Hyloxalus yasuní
  • Three species of cutish frogs Pristimantis aureolineatus, Pristimantis omeviridis, Pristimantis waoranii.

Still, there are to describe at least three species of the genus of toads Rhinella, a Boana tree frog, at least two species of cutin frogs Pristimantis.

Nine species were reported for Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest, including frogs like:

  • Noblella myrmecoides.
  • Pristimantis orcus.
  • Pristimantis eurydactylus.
  • Pristimantis skydmainos.
  • Dendropsophus delarivai.
  • Cochranella ritae.
  • Rhaebo guttatus.

Besides, very rare records for the country, such as the Gastrotheca longipes, Dendropsophus miyatai, Cochranella resplendens.

Amazon Marsupial Tree-Frog (Gastrotheca longipes) in the Yasuni

In comparison with other Amazonian sites very diversified and well sampled, the anuran species richness of Ecuador It is greater in all cases.

Frogs of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The families of amphibians with the highest number of species are frogs Hylidae arboreal, Strabomantidae land frogs, Bufonidae toads, and Leptodactylidae thin-toed frogs, followed closely by members of the Poisonous frogs (Aromobatidae and Dendrobatidae families)

List of Frogs you can find the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Anywhere in the Rainforest, eventually you will cross with a frog but if you are trying to find them as soon as you arrive. First, get your bearings right, let know others where are you heading.

Family: Aromobatidae, Nurse Frogs, Jumping Frog

  • Allobates femoralis, Jumping frog with bright thighs
  • Allobates fratisenescus, Mera Jumping Frog
  • Allobates insperatus, Santa Cecilia Jumping Frog
  • Allobates kingsburyi, Jumping Frog from the Topo River
  • Allobates trilineatus, Trilineated Jumping Frog
  • Allobates zaparo, Jumping Frog Zápara

Family: Bufonidae Toads, Jambatos, Harlequin Frogs

  • Amazophrynella siona, Sapito Siona
  • Atelopus boulengeri, Jambato of Boulenger
  • Atelopus palmatus, Jambato of Andersson
  • Atelopus planispina, Jambato of Planispina
  • Atelopus spumarius, Jambato Amazónico
  • Rhaebo ecuadorensis, Ecuadorian Giant Toad
  • Rhaebo guttatus, Cuyabeno Giant Toad
  • Rhinella ceratophrys, cuckold Termite Toad
  • Rhinella dapsilis, Sapo orejón
  • Rhinella festae, Toad Valley Santiago
  • Rhinella margaritifera, Sapo common South American
  • Rhinella marina, Cane toad
  • Rhinella poeppigii, Toad of Moyobamba
  • Rhinella proboscidea, Toad snout
  • Rhinella roqueana, Toad of Roque

Family: Centrolenidae, Glass Frog

  • Centrolene charapita, Frog of c Ristal charapita
  • Cochranella resplendens, Glass frog resplandeciente
  • Espadarana durrellorum, Rana crystal iaspidiense Jambué
  • Hyalinobatrachium, Rana crystal Yuruani
  • Hyalinobatrachium munozorum, Glass Frog Santa Cecilia
  • Hyalinobatrachium pellucidum, Glass frog fantasma
  • Hyalinobatrachium ruedai, Rana crystal Rueda
  • Hyalinobatrachium yaku, frog yaku
  • Nymphargus glass chancas , Crystal tree frog from Peru,
  • Nymphargus cochranae, Crystal frog from Cochran,
  • Nymphargus laurae, Crystal frog from Laura,
  • Nymphargus mariae, Crystal frog from Maria
  • Rulyrana flavopunctata, Yellow spotted glass frog,
  • Rulyrana mcdiarmidi, Crystal frog from the Jambue River,
  • Teratohyla amelie, Amelie crystal frog,
  • Teratohyla midas, Aguarico
  • Vitreorana ritae glass frog, black-spotted glass frog

Family: Ceratophryidae, Bocon frogs

  • Ceratophrys cornuta, Great Horned toad
  • Ceratophrys testudo, Ecuadorian toad

Family: DendrobatidaeFamily: Dendrobatidae Poisonous Frogs, Rocket Frogs

  • Ameerega frogs bilinguis, poison frog ecuatoriana
  • Ameerega hahneli, poison frog Yurimaguas
  • Ameerega parvula, poisonous frog Sarayacu
  • Excidobates captivus, poisonous frog Santiago
  • Hyloxalus cevallosi river, Rana rocket Palanda
  • Hyloxalus elachyhistus, Rana rocket Loja
  • Hyloxalus italoi, Rana rocket Pastaza
  • Hyloxalus maculosus, Rana rocket Puyo
  • Hyloxalus nexipus, Frog rocket from Los Tayos
  • Hyloxalus sauli, Rana rocket from Santa Cecilia
  • Hyloxalus yasuni, Rana rocket from Yasuní
  • Leucostethus fugax, Frog from Pastaza
  • Ranitomeya reticulata, Reddish poisonous frog
  • Ranitomeya variabilis, Poisonous frog from yellow lines
  • Ranitomeya ventrimaculata, Poisonous frog from Sarayacu

Family: Eleutherodactylidae Immigrant frog

  • Adelophryne adiastola, Frog of Yapina

Family: Hemiphractidae, Marsupials Frogs and related

  • Gastrotheca andaquiensis, Marsupials Frog of Andaqui
  • Gastrotheca longipes, Marsupials Frog of Pastaza
  • Gastrotheca testudinea, Marsupials Frogof Jimenez de la Espada
  • Gastrotheca weinlan dii, Weinland Marsupials Frog
  • Hemiphractus bubalus, Triangular head frog from Ecuador
  • Hemiphractus helioi, Triangular head frog from Cuzco
  • Hemiphractus proboscideus, Triangular head frog from Sumaco
  • Hemiphractus scutatus, Triangular head frog horned incubator


Family: Hylidae,  Treefrogs

  • Agalychnis buckleyi, Buckley monkey frog
  • Agalychnis hulli , Amazon monkey frog
  • Boana alfaroi, Alfaro tree frog
  • Boana almendarizae, Almendáriz tree frog
  • Boana boans, Gladiator frog
  • Boana calcarata, Spur tree frog
  • Boana cinerascens, Frog granosa
  • Boana fasciata, Gunther tree frog
  • Geographical frog, Geographical frog
  • Boana lanciformis, Common lanceolate frog
  • Boana maculateralis, Spotted tree frog
  • Boana nympha, tree frog nymph
  • Boana punctata, dotted frog
  • Boana tetete, Tree frog of the Tetetes
  • Cruziohyla craspedopus, Amazonian leaf frog
  • Dendropsophus bifurcus, Small clown frog
  • Dendropsophus bokermanni, Bokermann tree frog
  • Dendropsophus brevifrons, tree Frog of Crump
  • Dendropsophus marmoratus, Infant marmorea
  • Dendropsophus minutus, yellow Infant común
  • Dendropsophus miyatai, tree Frog of Miyata
  • Dendropsophus parviceps, Infant caricorta
  • Dendropsophus reticulatus, Infant reticulada
  • Dendropsophus rhodopeplus, Infant bandeada
  • Dendropsophus riveroi, tree Frog of Rivero
  • Dendropsophus sarayacuensis, Frog of Sarayacu
  • Dendropsophus shiwiarum, Infant shiwiar
  • Dendropsophus triangulum, Triangular frog
  • Hyloscirtus albopunctulatus, White spot torrent frog
  • Hyloscirtus phyllognathus, Roque torrent frog
  • Nyctimantis rugiceps, Canelos tree frog
  • Osteocephalus alboguttatus, Sarayacu hull frog
  • Osteocephalus buckleyi, Buckley hull frog
  • Osteocephalus cabrerai, Cabrera hull frog
  • Osteocephalus cannatellai, Helmet frog Cannatella
  • Osteocephalus deridens, Mocking Helmet Frog
  • Osteocephalus festae, Helmet frog of Festa
  • Osteocephalus fusciis, Napo
  • Osteocephalus mutabor helmet frog, Pucuno helmet frog
  • Osteocephalus planiceps, Arboreal helmet frog
  • Osteocephalus taurinus, Taurine hull frog
  • Osteocephalus verruciger, Verrucose hull frog
  • Osteocephalus vilmae, Vilma helmet frog
  • Osteocephalus yasuni, Yasuni hull frog
  • Phyllomedusa coelestis, Frog monkey celestial
  • Phyllomedusa palliata, Frog monkey jaguar
  • Phyllomedusa tarsius, Frog monkey lemur
  • Phyllomedusa tomopterna, Frog monkey green orange
  • Phyllomedusa vaillantii, Frog monkey with white lines
  • Scinax cruentomma, Rain frog from the Aguarico river
  • Scinax funereus, Moyabamba rain frog
  • Scinax garbei, Trumpet rain frog
  • Scinax ruber, Frog of rain listed
  • Spheenorhynchus carneus, Lemon tree frog
  • Sphaenorhynchus dorisae, Leticia lake frog
  • Sphaenorhynchus lacteus, Milk lake frog
  • Tepuihyla tuberculosa, Canelos owl frog
  • Trachycephalus coriaceus, Surinam horn frog
  • Trachycephalus cunauaru, Tuberculous hull frog
  • Trachycephalus macrot is, Pastaza dairy frog

Family: Leptodactylidae Gualag frogs, Smoked rhea, Túngara rheas and related

  • Adenomera andreae, André terrestrial frog
  • Adenomera hylaedactyla, Napo terrestrial frog
  • Edalorhina perezi, Rana vaquita
  • Engystomops petersi, Petersana sparrow-like frog
  • Laptodactylus discodactylus, Vanzolini terrestrial frog
  • Leptodactylus knudseni, Ground toad amazónico
  • Leptodactylus leptodactyloides, Rana land común
  • Leptodactylus mystaceus, toad-frog terrestrial común
  • Leptodactylus pentadactylus, Rana land gigante
  • Leptodactylus petersii, Rana termitera of Peters
  • Leptodactylus rhodomystax, terrestrial frog Boulenger
  • Leptodactylus stenodema, terrestrial frog Moti
  • Leptodactylus wagneri, terrestrial frog Wagner
  • Lithodytes lineatus, Rana land rayada

Familia: Microhylidae Frogs Leaf Litters

  • Chiasmocleis anatipes, Leaf litter frog from Santa Cecilia
  • Chiasmocleis antenori, Leaf litter frog from Ecuador
  • Chiasmocleis bassleri, Leaf-nosed frog beetle
  • Chiasmocleis parkeri, Frog leaf litter of Parker
  • Chiasmocleis tridactyla, Peruvian leaf litter frog
  • Chiasmocleis ventrimaculata, Pastaza river leaf frog
  • Ctenophryne geayi, Brown leaf frog Bolivian hibiscus, Bolivian leaf frog
  • Synapturanus rabus, Colombian leaf frog

Family: Pipidae Surinam toad

  • Pipa pipa, Surinam toad

Family: Ranidae comunes

  • Rana palmipes, Common Frog River Amazonas

Family: Strabomantidae frogs cutín

  • Hypodactylus nigrovittatus, fat frog amazónica
  • Noblella myrmecoides, southern frog quixensis Loreto
  • Oreobates, Sapito loudmouth amazónico
  • Pristimantis acuminatus, Cutin puntiagudo
  • Pristimantis albujai, Cutin of Albuja
  • Pristimantis altamazonicus, Cutin amazónico
  • Pristimantis altamnis, Cutin of Carabaya
  • Pristimantis aureolineatus, Cutin of golden band
  • Pristimantis barrigai, Cutín de Barriga
  • Pristimantis brevicrus, Cutín of Andersson
  • Pristimantis carvalhoi, Cutín de Carvalho
  • Pristimantis churuwiai, Cutín of Churuwia
  • Pristimantis citriogaster, Cutí n belly amarillo
  • Pristimantis conspicillatus, Cutin of Zamora
  • Pristimantis croceoinguinis, Cutin Santa Cecilia
  • Pristimantis Delius, Cutin coffee rayado
  • Pristimantis diadematus, Cutin of diadema
  • Pristimantis enigmaticus, Cutin enigmático
  • Pristimantis Galdi, Cutin green amazónico
  • Pristimantis katoptroides, Cutin of Puyo
  • Pristimantis kichwarum, Cutin kichwa
  • Pristimantis lacrimosus, Cutin lanthanites llorón
  • Pristimantis, Cutin metálico
  • Pristimantis librarius, Cutin spots cafes
  • Pristimantis limoncochensis, Cutin of Limoncocha
  • Pristimantis luscombei, Cutin of Loreto
  • Pristimantis malkini, Cutin the Ampiyacu
  • Pristimantis martiae river, Cutin of Martha
  • Pristimantis matidiktyo, Cutin eye reticulados
  • Pristimantis metabates, Cutin of Chiriaco
  • Pristimantis miktos, Cutin Mezclado
  • Pristimantis minimus, Cutin Diminuto
  • Pristimantis nigrogriseus, Cutin of Baños
  • Pristimantis omeviridis, Cutín de Tambococha
  • Pristimantis orestes, Cutín de Urdaneta
  • Pristimantis orphnolaimus, Cutín de La go Agrio
  • Pristimantis paululus, Cutin of estribaciones
  • Pristimantis peruvianus, Cutin of Perú
  • Pristimantis petersi, Cutin of Peters
  • Pristimantis prolatus, Cutin oculto
  • Pristimantis pseudoacuminatus, Cutin of Sarayacu
  • Pristimantis quaquaversus, Cutin the Coca
  • Pristimantis rubicundus river, Cutin rubicundo
  • Pristimantis skydmainos, Cutin of Manu
  • Pristimantis trachyblepharis, Cutin strip blanca
  • Pristimantis variabilis, Cutin variable
  • Pristimantis ventrimarmoratus, Cutin belly marmoleado
  • Pristimantis waoranii, Cutin waorani
  • Pristimantis Yantzaza, Cutin of Yantzaza
  • Strabomantis cornutus, Cutin bocón of cuernos
  • Strabomantis sulcatus, Cutin bocón of Nauta

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Ecuador Nature Tours

The Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest

Learn about the Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest living in the Yasuní.

Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest
Amazon Rainforest or Amazon Basin is an Ocean of Trees.

During your Trip to the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador, you will be learning about trees, their life history, ecological relationships with other forest creatures and also watch local people use it.

It seems endless, Yes! The Amazon Rainforest is an ocean of trees.

Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest
The Wildlife of the Amazon Rainforest have all kinds of use for trees.

You will learn about the Common trees living in the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve, which comprises the Yasuní National Park, the Waorani Ethnic Reserve, and the 10 km Buffer Zone.

The Yasuní National Park was established on 29 July 1979 and the Waorani Ethnic Reserve was established in 1990.

The Yasuní Biosphere Reserve was established in 1989 by the UNESCO as a Mankind Biosphere Reserve for the future generations of the world.

The most important rivers in the Yasuní are the Napo River, Tiputini River, Tivacuno River, Shiripuno River, Yasuní River, Nashiño River, Cononaco River, and Curaray River.

Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest
Ceiba Tree or Kapok is the largest tree found in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

What Weather is needed for An Ocean of Trees?

The trees have adapted to live in Tropical Humid with no seasons, with an average of 3200 mms of rainfall and an average temperature between 24 – 27 °C with the absolute extreme of 15 – 38 °C.

Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest
The Trees in the Amazon Rainforest have all kind of uses, for navigation is selected the water-resistant species of trees.

What Soil types Trees of the Rainforest Prefer?

The Soil of the Yasuní derived from tertiary drained sediments and volcanic sediments, like in many northern Amazonian, the Yasuní it has a wide range of topographic variations causing important changes in the type of soil and vegetation.

The Terra Tirme soils are well drained and oxygenated with a high content of clay and poor in organic matter. There is a significant variation in the nutrients accumulation related to inclination and elevation.

List of the Trees that can be found in Terra Firme:

  • Anacardium excelsum (Bertero & Balb.) Anacardiaceae
  • Calophyllum longifolium (Willd.) Clusiaceae
  • Dipteryx panamensis (Pitt.) Papilionoideae
  • Gustavia superba (H.B.K.) Berg. Lecythidaceae
  • Tabebuia rosea (Bertl.) Bignoniaceae
  • Virola surinamensis (Rol.) Warb. Myristicaceae
Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest
Many Mammals of the Amazon Rainforest uses trees to hide in plain sight!!

Várzea or Seasonal Floodplain soils inundated by whitewater rivers that occur in the Amazon biome composed of alluvial and fluvial Holocene sediments (less than 10,000 years old) loosed from the eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains.

List of the Trees that can be found in Varzea or Seasonal Floodplain:

  • Carapa guianensis (Aubl.) Meliaceae
  • Pachira aquatica (Aubl.) Bombacaceae
  • Pentaclethra macroloba (Willd. Kuntze) Mimosoideae
  • Prioria copaifera (Griseb.) Caesalpinioideae
  • Pterocarpus officinalis (Jacq.) Papilionoideae
  • Pterocarpus sp. Papilionoideae
Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest
The Trees in the Rainforest provides all kind of resources to the forest creatures. Brownea produces a lot of sugar for hummingbirds and bees and other insect driven by the sugar.

The Common Genera of Pioneer Trees of the Rainforest

  • Spondias (ANACARDIACEAE)

Spondias is a genus of flowering plants in the cashew family. They are distantly related to apple and plum trees. There are 7 species native to the Neotropics. They have commonly named hog plums, Spanish plums, in some cases golden apples.

  • Schefflera (ARALIACEAE)

  • Jacaranda (BIGNONIACEACE)



  • Jacaratia CARICACEAE



  • Terminalia COMBRETACEACE


  • Aparisthmium EUPHORBIACEAE



  • Margaritaria EUPHORBIACEAE



  • Schizolobium FABACEAE


  • Cedrela

  • Ficus MORACEAE


  • Zanthoxylum RUTACEAE


  • Apeiba TILIACEAE

  • Heliocarpus TILIACEAE

  • Trema ULMACEAE

The Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest or the Amazon Basin? Which term is Right to use?

Amazon Rainforest trees have huge buttresses!

The Amazon Rainforest describes a whole Tropical Evergreen Forest between the Andes and the Guyana Shield and  Amazon Basin refers to the drainage system of the Amazon River.

The Amazon Rainforest would play an important role in global climate change. Its natural ability to sequester carbon from the atmosphere at stored it in a beautiful way hopefully would encourage its conservation.

How Big is the Amazon Rainforest?

This tropical forest in the world has 5.5 million km², covering much of northwestern Brazil and extending into Colombia, Peru, and other South American countries.

The Amazon Rainforest has millions of square hectares needed to be protected as soon as possible.

The Table below shows the Amazon Rainforest in numbers.

Total land area Total forest cover


Primary forest cover





Loss of

primary forest


Country (1000 ha) (1000 ha) % of the total

land area

(1000 ha) % of the total

land area


of 1990

forest cover

% of 1990


forest cover

Bolivia 109,858 58,740 54.2 29,360 26.7 -6.5 -6.5
Brazil 851,488 477,698 57.2 415,890 48.8 -8.1 -9.7
Colombia 113,891 60,728 58.5 53,062 46.6 -1.2 -1.5
Ecuador 28,356 10,853 39.2 4,794 16.9 -21.5 0.0
French Guiana 9,000 8,063 91.8 7,701 85.6 -0.3 -2.6
Guyana 21,497 15,104 76.7 9,314 43.3 0.0 n/a
Peru 128,522 68,742 53.7 61,065 47.5 -2.0 -2.9
Suriname 16,327 14,776 94.7 14,214 87.1 0.0 0.0
Venezuela 91,205 47,713 54.1 n/a -8.3 n/a


The Amazon Rainforest is located in South America in the following countries, each country:

  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
  • Venezuela
  • Bolivia
  • Guyana
  • Surinam
  • French Guiana



Amazon Rainforest Map
Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest covers a big portion of South America Tropical Rainforest

Map of Rivers

map of rivers
Amazon Basin where all the major rivers end up in the mighty Amazon River itself.





The Waorani People Today
The Waorani People Today

People Living in the Amazon has a profound mark.  Developing ideas and frantic chase for natural resources such as oil, mining, logging, and illegal hunting. Indigenous People turn out to be the Guardians of the Rainforest.


Rainforest Climate
Rainforest Climate

The Climate and Weather in the Amazon Rainforest vary from the amount of rainfall and the times of the rainfall. Northern would be closer to Equator, hotter and Southern would be affected by light breezes -outbreaks of cool polar air from the south, bringing thunderstorms and strong gusty winds that occasionally exceed 60 miles per hour. These air masses move northward into the Amazon basin (where they are called friagems)

Some Amazon Curious Facts

Here is a list of Amazon Rainforest Facts

  • only 6% of our planet’s surface area is covered by the rainforest.
  • Is home to over 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.
  • Around 400-500 indigenous Amerindian tribes call the Amazon rainforest home.
  • there are around 40,000 plant species, 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 430 mammals and a whopping 2.5 million different insects.
  • takes carbon dioxide out of the air, and releases oxygen back in. In fact, more than 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced by Amazon.
  • It’s estimated that if the climate change were to increase the world’s temperature by only 3 degrees Celsius then 75% of the Amazon would be destroyed.


Bioregions of South America
The map of the Bioregions of South America

The Mosaic of Amazon Rainforest Ecosystems fuels its diversity of

  • Terra Firme
  • Varzea
  • Igapo
  • River Islands
  • Oxbow Lakes


The most Iconic Amazon Rainforest Animals listed below

  • Monkeys of several species inhabit the forest.
  • Snakes diurnal and nocturnal, broad range specific and unique species.
  • Birds of all colors, shapes, and sizes
  • Insects will blow your mind on colors, shapes, and lifestyle
  • Anteaters are unique in their kind, restricted to South America. 
  • Tapirs are the largest  herbivore of the rainforest


The most Iconic Amazon Rainforest Plants, listed below:

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

The Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report: Explorations of Eastern Ecuador.

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
San Rafael Waterfalls – the highest waterfall in the country and in TOP TEN Waterfalls in the World, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

We just had an amazing Ecuador Wildlife Trip and we would like to report, we explored Ecuador’s Diversity of Life, as Alexander von Humboldt and Charles Darwin did, we want to experience the mosaic of habitats along spatial and especially altitudinal gradients in the Andes, we started it from the Amazon Rainforest to the Andes with a little experience of the Choco Cloudforest.

Custom Trip: 16 Days

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Andean Flowers, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Date: Jan/Feb 2019

Group Size: 8 World Wildlifers

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Our Leader with a World Wildlifers from Hong Kong

Country: Ecuador

Destinations: Quito, Shiripuno Lodge, Wild Sumaco, Baeza, Papallacta, Antisana Volcano, Bellavista, Mindo Quito

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Exploring the Shiripuno River, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Trip Mode: Wildlife Exploration – Observations on Birds, Mammals, Herps & Orchids

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Orchids of the Amazon Rainforest, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Trip Description:

During our Ecuador Wildlife Trip, we explore four vegetation zones which are easily discerned as the Lowland Rainforest (Shiripuno Lodge),   Montane Rainforest (Wild Sumaco Lodge), Andean Cloudforest (Baeza), and Elfin Forest (Papallacta).

On our Ecuador Wildlife Trip, we experience the progressing trend toward decreasing canopy stature and a reduced number of plant strata as we went on higher. The vegetation gradient provided the opportunity to examine the relationship between species diversity and habitat complexity in an entirely natural setting.

Our Ecuador Wildlife Trip starting at 230 meters above sea level in Shiripuno Lodge, deep in the Amazon Rainforest to continue ascending with specific stops until we reach the Andes at the base of the colossal  Antisana Volcano at 5,704 meters.

We add a couple of nights with Choco Cloudorest in Northwest Ecuador, we visit the Bellavista Cloudforest Reserve, watch many Antpittas with the Antpitta Whisper: Angel Paz and went Herping in the Mindo.

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Amazon Rainforest Wildlife Photography, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Day 01 – 06 Ecuador Amazon Rainforest

We take a domestic fly to Coca City in the middle of the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest, to continue along the Auca Road to the heart of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve. Shiripuno Lodge is our location to explore all the different types of forest formations found in the home of the Waorani People.
Overnight in Coca and getting to know the wildlife around and Oil Town turning into a World Green Destination

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Snakes of the Amazon Rainforest, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Day 07 – 09 Ecuador Northeastern Foothills

Leaving the Lowlands and stepping into the Foothills of the Eastern Andes in Ecuador, where the Cloudforest last reach. Staying at WildSumaco Lodge at 1600 m next to the Sumaco National Park, our first experience with feeders and explore the steep sides at different times of the day.

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Snake of the Foothills, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Day 10 – 12 Ecuador Northeastern Cloudforest

The Andean Cloudforest at Baeza (1919 m) is nestled in the valley of the Quijos River, it’s an opportunity to find colorful birds such as Andean Cock of the Rock (Rupicola peruvianus) and many new hummingbirds, we have close up experience with Tropical Orchids at the San Rafael Waterfall

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Orchids of the Cloudforest, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Day 13 – 14 Andes: Paramo & Grassland

The Andes home of the mythical Andean Condor, Spectacled Bear, Mountain Tapir, Sword-billed Hummingbird was covered by thick clouds. We walk through the clouds to enter the golden grasslands surrounding little pools of water.

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Flowers of the Andes, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

Day 15 – 16 Chocó or Choco Cloudforest

The Choco Bioregion is world Hotspots for Biodiversity, our destination for new hummingbirds, frogs and many new Orchids, we even got a glimpse of the recently described new species of Mammal: Olinguito (Bassaricyon neblina) a mammal of the raccoon family Procyonidae that lives in montane forests in the Andes of western Colombia and Ecuador.

Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report
Choco Cloudforest, Ecuador Wildlife Trip Report

W encourage the nature-minded person to explore your own backyard, you will be surprised to encounter an incredible number of species of creatures living next to you.

We hope to see our world wildlifers again

See you soon!


Insects of the Amazon Rainforest

Learn about the Insects of the Amazon Rainforest.

The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest home of millions of Insects. View of towards the south in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve. All the forest in the distance is lacking protection.

The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest are the most diverse group of creatures living, adapted to live everywhere you look in the forest. these forest creatures can be found in different shapes and colors.

The Amazon Rainforest Insects are exceptionally diverse, sometimes considered as the most successful creatures living in the forest. The Insects in the Amazon Rainforest are greater in numbers than in any other class of animals.

It is not surprising that the Amazon Rainforest, a place containing more diversity than anywhere else, contains a fantastic assemblage of colorful, strange and interesting insects.

The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
Long-horned Beetle visiting the Blacklight in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve in Ecuador.

Many species of the Insects of the Amazon Rainforest are capable of powered flight, insects can navigate the often complicated habitats of the Amazon Rainforest to find food, water, and mates.

Insect Metamorphosis Stages:

Complete Metamorphosis consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. However, the Incomplete Metamorphosis consists of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The main difference: Complete Metamorphosis consists of a very active, ravenously eating larva and an inactive pupa whereas incomplete metamorphosis consists of a nymph, which resembles a miniature adult.

The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
Complete Metamorphosis consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. However, the Incomplete Metamorphosis consists of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The main difference: Complete Metamorphosis consists of a very active, ravenously eating larva and an inactive pupa whereas incomplete metamorphosis consists of a nymph, which resembles a miniature adult.

Complete Metamorphosis occurs in wasps, ants, and fleas while Incomplete Metamorphosis occurs in termites, praying mantis, and cockroaches.

Habitats to find Insects in the Amazon Rainforest.

  • Varzea, seasonally floodplain along the major rivers.
  • Terra firme, a high forest where flood records over 200 years.
  • Forest Swamp, Swampy areas along rivers and oxbow lakes.
  • Forest Streams, collects all water from rainfall, some rocky.
  • Moriche Swamp,  a dense population of palm and wild ginger.
  • Oxbow lakes, Shortcuts leave behind by the rivers

The Easy Orders of Insects living in the Amazon Rainforest.

Learn some of the Orders of Insects living in the Amazon Rainforest.

  • Diptera (Flies & Mosquitoes)

Hindwings are reduced to tiny knobs (halters). They use one pair of wings. They are Holometabolous

  • Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies)

All have four large wings, covered by scales. Often one of the colorful Insects of the Amazon Rainforest.

The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
Ithomidae Butterfly
  • Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasp, Ants)

Head shaped like a beak, with chewing mouthparts. Body not exceptionally soft, often with a narrow (snatched) “waist. They have stingers! 🙁 They are Holometabolous.

Family Formicidae
The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
Ectatomma Ants feeding on Maxillaria orchid. Yasuni Biosphere Reserve in Ecuador.
  • Coleoptera (Beetles)

Four wings; the pairs thickened or hardened (elytra). They are Holometabolous

Family Curculionidae
The Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
Palm Weevil at the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador
Family Cerambycidae
The Insects of the Amazon
Long-horned Beetle at the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador.

Shiripuno Amazon Lodge is a great place to Watch the Insects of the Amazon Rainforest.

All photos were taken in the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, northeast Ecuador, known for exceptional animal diversity with a diverse number of primates, frogs, birds, and, of course, insects.

We organize Insect photography tours with our guides, photographers of many of these insects, and take a family vacation in the world’s largest home of wildlife, the Amazon Rainforest.

The Insects of the Amazon
Amazon Nature Tours
Eight Days $1,650
Shiripuno Amazon Lodge. Yasuni, Ecuador
In Shiripuno Amazon Lodge you can visit an extensive trail network for observing a high diversity of Amazon Jungle monkeys. In fact, the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve was founded to protect the diversity of life. With your Private guide (as standard), you will take Amazon jungle tours in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve and you can choose from the greatest number of options in Amazonia.


  • Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & Crickets)

Four wings, front ones thickened. Jumping hind legs. Hind wings, when open, spread like fans. Sound producers.

The Insects of the Amazon
Grasshopper at the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador
  • Blattodea (Cockroaches & Termites)

Flattened body, long antennae, and no enlarged legs Head under throated.

The Insects of the Amazon
Blattodea at the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador
  • Dermaptera ( Earwigs)

Short-winged covers and with abdominal forceps “pincer tails”

  • Odonata (Dragonflies & Damselflies)

Juvenile: aquatic. Enormous eyes. Two pairs of membranous wings were similar in size and texture. Wings cannot be folded.

Dragonflies – Wings held folded vertically above the abdomen.
Damselflies – Front wings larger than hind ones. Abdomen with two or three long filaments.

Insects of the Amazon Rainforest
Dragonfly at the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador
  • Hemiptera (True Bugs, Aphids, Cicadas, Leafhoppers)

Sucking mouthparts. Two pairs of wings either: lie flat on the back at rest, forming an “X”; held straight along back, or absent.

Ciccada at the Shiripuno Amazon Lodge, Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador.
  • Order Ephemeroptera – Mayflies

Similar to Ephemeroptera but wings are held over the abdomen. No abdominal filaments.

  • Order Neuroptera – Antlions, Lacewings, and Allies

Similar to Neuroptera but with two or three abdominal short filaments.

  • Order Plecoptera – Stoneflies

Wings held rooflike over abdomen. Large head. Sucking, piercing mouthparts.


The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador are definitely one of the easy animals we find during our experience in the Amazon Rainforest.

The Butterflies in the Amazon Rainforest are active all year round, all different species living in different niches and habitats throughout the forest.

They go under metamorphosis: starting from a resting egg, usually laid next to their host plant; later hutch into a larva or into an eating machine that keeps stretching; later internal changes go wild at the protein level to finally emerge as a new adult butterfly.

Where to find butterflies in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador?

We can find them from early in the morning: the Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest are active and ready to go!

We will locate them inside the forest whether resting on a leaf or taking gentle samplings of bird poop or sipping into ripe fruits -the rotten ones are the best!- fallen from the canopy as a leftover from canopy wildlife.

We will find them everywhere in the forest.

The coloration of the Butterflies in the Amazon Rainforest is an important survival feature, the position of the scales in the wings can be found in all the color combinations possible, a remarkable adaptation to establish in all the forest niches.

Watch the Video Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador 

The clouds of Butterflies are often seen on the canoe rides along the Shiripuno River, another colorful experience, all of them end up coming to the Amazonian River sandbars and scouting for mineral accumulations left behind by other wildlife such as capybaras, birds, or reptiles.

We can see them from the canoe when feeding along the sandbars of the Shiripuno River, sometimes in large and colorful groups flying over the river.

The most famous Butterfly of the Amazon Rainforest is the impressively sized Blue Morphos, named after Morpheus the Greek God for the Dream. This huge butterfly it’s easy to be recognized by the huge splash of electric blue you will see in the forest.

We would like to nominate all the Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest Butterflies as “Honorary Vertebrates”.

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest Butterflies as “Honorary Vertebrates”


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The Blue Morpho Butterfly Blue Morpho Butterflies are Not Technically Blue Turns out the Blue Morpho’s wings are not actually blue at all! Of course, they certainly appear this way, but this is not the result of pigmentation. It is actually caused by the way light reflects off the microscopic scales on its wings. The scales are diamond-shaped and the color results from their specific formation and placement on the wing membranes. This is a phenomenon known as iridescence, a type of optical illusion which describes how hues change according to the angle from which they are viewed. #BlueMorpho #BlueButterfly #AmazonButterfly #ButterflyScales #SumacoÑahui #Yasuni #YasuniWilderness #ShiripunoLodge #YasuniNationalPark #YasuniWildlife #Ecuador #Crowdfunding #Conservation

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Blue Morpho Butterfly

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Common Blue Morpho Butterfly in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Shiripuno River, Ecuador

The Blue Morpho belongs to the genus Morpho, which is a huge butterfly with a flash of electric blue you will see on our boat trip, or during hikes on trails, the Blue Morpho with a wingspan of about 4 inches long.

Their wings express the Best Technology in nature to reflect light with energy efficiency.

They feed on falling rotting fruit on the ground it can be in front of you, and you won’t see it, because it eats with its wing close to melting in the background color of the floors.

The Blue Morpho caterpillars defend themselves with a defensive smell.

Amazon Owl Butterfly

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Amazon Owl Butterfly in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Shiripuno River, Ecuador

The Amazon Owl Butterflies belong to the genus Caligo, a huge brown butterfly, active at crepuscular times of the day, they are known for their huge eyespots on their hindwing, which resemble owls’ eyes.

During adulthood, it feeds on rotting fruits, and in the larvae stage, they feed on the Heliconias plant.  They are found in all the habitats of the Amazon Rainforests in Ecuador.

Rhetus Butterfly

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Rhetus butterflies in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Shiripuno River, Ecuador

Rhetus butterflies are usually found singly or in very low numbers, in the vicinity of streams or rivers.

Thirsty for Minerals! It can also be found along tracks through the primary or disturbed rainforest or cloudforest habitats.

The butterfly occurs at elevations between 0-1800m and flies throughout the year.

Haetera Piera Butterfly

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Haetera Piera Butterfly in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Shiripuno River, Ecuador

The Haetera Piera Butterfly is a glass-winged butterfly. Almost nothing is known about the caterpillar stages of this butterfly and little is known about the whole butterfly tribe this species belongs to, the Haeterini.

The butterflies fly close to the ground and are widespread across South America’s lowland forests. They have a subtle coloration over their transparent wings, which are each patterned with two eye spots.

Sulphur Butterflies Puddle Drinking

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The Sulphur Butterflies in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Shiripuno River, Ecuador

Sulfur butterflies, known as pierids as they’re in the Pieridae family, are often seen around puddles of water and include around 70 different species throughout the Neotropics.

The butterflies aren’t just after water but important minerals like sodium.

A favorite photograph for Amazon Rainforest tourists to capture, you can sometimes see butterflies drinking from the eyes of aquatic reptiles like turtles and caiman.

Kite Swallowtail

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Eurytides Butterfly in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve, Shiripuno River, Ecuador

Safety in Numbers

These are kite swallowtails in the Eurytides genus that often join sulfur butterflies as they do their puddling behavior.

They too drink the water to obtain different minerals and can be distinguished from the sulfurs by their tails and black markings.

It’s safer for butterflies to drink in groups as they benefit from safety in numbers.

If a predator attacks these highly conspicuous animals, a single butterfly in a group is less likely to be eaten than if drinking alone.

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Butterfly Watching in Ecuador

You can go Butterfly Watching in Ecuador in any direction: from the towering Andes to the dense Amazonian rainforest, Ecuador is incredibly diverse.

Ecuador is arguably the butterfly capital of the world!

Ecuador contains approximately 2850 species in the families Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae, Riodinidae, and Lycaenidae.

About 50-55% of all Neotropical species in these groups (25% of the World’s species), turning Ecuador into one of the world’s three most diverse countries, along with Colombia and Peru.

The Butterflies’ Families, Genera, and Species of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador:


The Nymphalidae are the largest family of butterflies with more than 6,000 species distributed throughout most of the world, belonging to the superfamily Papilionoidea.

These are usually medium-sized to large butterflies.

Most species have a reduced pair of forelegs and many hold their colorful wings flat when resting.

They are also called brush-footed butterflies or four-footed butterflies because they are known to stand on only four legs while the other two are curled up; in some species, these forelegs have a brush-like set of hairs, which gives this family its other common name.

Many species are brightly colored and include popular species such as the emperors, monarch butterflies, admirals, tortoiseshells, and fritillaries.

However, the underwings are, in contrast, often dull and in some species look remarkably like dead leaves, or are much paler, producing a cryptic effect that helps the butterflies blend into their surroundings.

Many-banded Daggerwing (Marpesia chiron)
Butterflies of Ecuador
Many-banded Daggerwing (Marpesia chiron). Nymphalidae. Garzcocha (La Selva Lodge), Ecuador
  • The Walter Daggerwing, Marpesia zerynthia

  • Ruddy Daggerwing, Marpesia petreus

  • Amber Daggerwing, Marpesia berania

  • Livius Daggerwing, Marpesia livius

  • Pansy Daggerwing, Marpesia marcella

  • Sunset Daggerwing, Marpesia furcula

  • Banded-white Ringlet, Pareuptychia ocirrhoe

  • 89 Butterfly Diaethria, clymena

  • Blue-and-Orange 88, Callicore molina

  • Cyane Emperor, Doxocopa cyane

  • Doris Longwing, Heliconius doris

  • Malachite, Siproeta stelenes

  • Rusty-tipped Page, Siproeta epaphus

  • Midnight Purplewing, Eunica norica

  • Orange Admiral, Hypanartia lethe

  • Clearwing-mimic, Queen Lycorea ilione

  • Orea Banner, Epiphile orea

  • Orange-banded Emperor, Doxocopa elis

  • Thessalia Sister, Adelpha thessalia

  • Cocala Sister, Adelpha cocala

  • Blue Aeilus, Baeotus aeilus

  • Dazzling Glasswing, Godryis duillia

  • Rose-colored Cytharia puerta

  • Scarlet Peacock, Anartia omathea

  • Julia Heliconia, Dryas julia

  • Pastazena Crescent, Tegosa pastazena

  • Pink-bodied Altinote, Altinote neleus

  • Orange-bodied Altinote, Altinote alcione


Lycaenidae is the second-largest family of butterflies (behind Nymphalidae, brush-footed butterflies), with over 6,000 species worldwide, whose members are also called gossamer-winged butterflies. They constitute about 30% of the known butterfly species.

Adults are small, under 5 cm usually, and brightly colored, sometimes with a metallic gloss.

Larvae are often flattened rather than cylindrical, with glands that may produce secretions that attract and subdue ants. Their cuticles tend to be thickened. Some larvae are capable of producing vibrations and low sounds that are transmitted through the substrates they inhabit. They use these sounds to communicate with ants.

Adult individuals often have hairy antenna-like tails complete with a black and white annulated (ringed) appearance. Many species also have a spot at the base of the tail and some turn around upon landing to confuse potential predators from recognizing the true head orientation. This causes predators to approach from the true head end resulting in early visual detection.

The Butterflies of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Arawacus separata
  • Striped Hairstreak Arawacus separata


The Riodinidae are members of the Superfamily Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. They typically thrive in tropical latitudes, especially those of the Americas, and approximately 1,300 species are known.

Small to medium in size, metalmarks vary widely in their patterns, behavior, and postures. Males have reduced front legs that are not used for walking, and females have three pairs of walking legs.

Adults usually perch with their wings spread open or cocked slightly, while many tropical species habitually perch upside down on large leaves.

Males locate mates by perching, rather than patrolling. Egg shape varies widely, but caterpillars are typically slug-shaped. Metalmarks overwinter in the larval or pupal stage.

  • Neurodes Metalmark Siseme reurodes

  • Aulestes Swordtail Ancyluris aulestes

  • Black-edged Bluemark Lasaia moeros


The Pieridae are a large family of butterflies most pierid butterflies are white, yellow, or orange in coloration, often with black spots.

The pigments that give the distinct coloring to these butterflies are derived from waste products in the body and are characteristic of this family.
The sexes usually differ, often in the pattern or number of the black markings.
The larvae (caterpillars) of a few of these species, commonly seen in gardens, feed on brassicas and are notorious agricultural pests.
Males of many species exhibit gregarious mud-puddling behavior when they may imbibe salts from moist soils.

  • Philoma White Leptophobia philoma

  • Salmon-lined White Perrhybris lorena

  • Tailed Sulphur Phoebis neocypris

  • Mimosa Yellow Pyrisitia nise


The Papilionidae belong to the Superfamily Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Swallowtails are worldwide in distribution and comprise approximately 560 species.

They are the richest in the tropics, and their brilliant colors make them the favorites of butterfly enthusiasts.

Many swallowtail species, especially in the tropics, mimic other butterflies that are distasteful, while others are distasteful and cause birds and other vertebrate predators to regurgitate.

Swallowtail adults are medium to large and may or may not have tails, while parnassian adults are medium, tailless, and have translucent wings.

All adult parnassians and swallowtails have three pairs of walking legs, and adults of all species visit flowers for nectar.

  • Lycidas Swallowtail Batis lycidas

  • King Page Swallowtail Heraclides thoas

  • Dioxippus Kite Swallowtail Neographium dioxippus


Skippers are a family, Hesperiidae, of the Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). Being diurnal, they are generally called butterflies.

They were previously placed in a separate superfamily, Hesperioidea; however, the most recent taxonomy places the family in the superfamily Papilionoidea.

They are named for their quick, darting flight habits.

Most have the antenna tip modified into a narrow hook-like projection.

More than 3500 species of skippers are recognized, and they occur worldwide, but with the greatest diversity in the Neotropical regions of Central and South America.

  • Velvet Anastrus Anastrus baterias

  • Common Anastrus Anastrus sempiternus

  • Two-barred Flasher Astraptes fulgerator

  • Cryptic Mylon Mylon cajus

  • Passova Firetip Passova passova

  • Teleus Longtail Urbanus teleus

  • Split-banded Firetip Jemadia hewitsonii

  • Violaceous Bent-skipper Cycloglypha thrasibulus


butterfly watching tours
Come and Join Us on Our Butterfly of Ecuador Tour!! We visit all the major ecoregions such as the Andes, Amazon Rainforest, Cloud forest, Beach

The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador
The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador, Driving and Exploring Andean Volcanoes, Cloudforest and Amazon Rainforest, Drive to the Pacific Beach.

To experience the Best Nature and Adventure Road Trips in Ecuador, its easy! a country with many unique natural ecosystems, seriously to any direction you choose, you will be delighted by the new experiences you will add to while exploring Nature and  and doing Adventure Road Trips in Ecuador.

Here we list a few Classical Ecuador Road trip

  • The Beloved Road Trip Quito Baeza Tena Misahuallí
  • Andean and Cloudforest Road Trip
  • Andean Forest, Choco Cloudforest to Pacific Coast Highway, Manabi.
  • Pacific Coast Highway, From Colombia to Peru.
  • Papallacta, Baeza, Chaco Lago Agrio Cuyabeno National Park
  • Papallacta, Baeza, Sumaco, Yasuni
Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador
The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

The Pan-American Highway

The Pan-American Highway is a network of roads measuring about 30,000 kilometres (19,000 mi) in total length;  the roads link almost all of the Pacific coastal countries of the Americas in a connected highway system. According to Guinness World Records, the Pan-American Highway is the world’s longest “motorable road”.


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GOING TO PARADISE IS GOING TO MISAHUALLÍ When growing up, this was my office, a fun office, playing soccer with friends in the beach, feeling sand between fingers connect with NATURE, swimming across the river and jumping off from tree canopy, the free fall sense… #FunTown #MonkeyTown Next to it is a piece of Amazon Rainforest where I do #FreeNatureWalk using #INaturalist for any NATURE lover. It just takes 20 minutes loop. We learn about the nature of the TROPICAL RAINFOREST. #Misahuallí #MisahuallíNature #MisahuallíWildlife #Yasuni #YasuniWildlife #YasuniNationalPark #YasuniWilderness #ShiripunoLodge #EcuadorWildlife #Ecuador IR AL PARAÍSO es IR A MISAHUALLÍ Cuando crecia, esta era mi oficina, una oficina divertida, jugar al fútbol con amigos en la playa, sentir la arena entre los dedos conectarse con la NATURALEZA, nadar al otro lado del río y saltar desde el dosel, el sentido de caída libre … Al lado hay una parte de la Selva Amazónica donde hago #FreeNatureWalk usando INaturalist para cualquier amante de la NATURALEZA. Solo lleva 20 minutos en bucle. Aprendemos sobre la naturaleza del TROPICAL RAINFOREST.

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SNOW in Ecuador!!! Was great to see NATURE with a different perspective. SNOW in my way to the Jungle!! ? ? ? ? ? #SNOW #Snowfall #QuitoSnow #QuitoNieve #QuitoWilderness #Antisana #PapallactaEcuador #Sumaco #CloudForestRestoration #SumacoÑahui #Crowdfunding #Cloudforest #Ecuador #EcuadorWildlife #INaturalist #Wildlife #Conservation

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The Best and Most Scenic Road Trip in Ecuador

Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador
The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

Below are listed the Best and Most Scenic Road Trip in Ecuador you can drive when decide to drive in South America.

Road Trip to Pasochoa & Antisana

The Road Trip to Pasochoa & Antisana Wildlife Reserve will introduce to the most beautiful side of the andes going to still unexplored. Passing haciendas

Andean Road Road Trip Cotopaxi & Llanganates National Parks & Indigenous  Communities.

The Road Trip to Cotopaxi National Park & Llanganates National Park will introduce to the most beautiful side of the andes going to still unexplored. Passing indigenous communities.

Classic Road trip to the Adventure in Ecuador: Baños  a destination by tradition

Embark into the Classic Road Trip to the Adventure in Ecuador: Baños a destination by tradition, we leave Quito to enter the Cotopaxi National Park and explore the Andes to continue to Banos, where we have several day trips to explore the surroundings of these active destination in Ecuador.

The Beloved Road Trip Quito Baeza Tena Misahuallí

After visiting the Colonial Town of Quito and seen the Old City is time to head East, where the clouds are coming from; we drive along the Beloved Road Trip Quito Baeza Tena Misahuallí. Passing the Andes, Scenic views of the Quijos and Napo River drainages

Southern Ecuador Trail and the New National Park.

Parque Nacional Río Negro-SopladoraIn the south of the Ecuador, in the Cordillera Real Oriental, adjacent to the Sangay National Park is Río Negro-Sopladora, an area dominated by paramos and almost intact Andean forests that harbor a great wealth of animal and plant species.

Where are the best places to go on a road trip in Ecuador?

The best to enjoy the country is outside, go find yours near the cities are an excellent place to start, most of the food in Ecuador grown locally farm lands are near with access for road trips, each location have water supplies with drivable road for adventure, most towns and cities are connected in the grid with athenaes located in high near locations.

Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador
The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

What is the most beautiful road in the world?

The most beautiful road would be in the smart location with facilities for electric cars.

  • Andean Forest, Choco Cloudforest to Pacific Coast Highway, Esmeraldas.
  • Pacific Coast Highway,  Machalilla National Park and Pto Lopez. Manabi.

How long does the perfect Road Trip take?

The Best Nature and Adventure Road Trip in Ecuador

Combining the road trips with  exploration of emotions with Nature, you can easily add 2 or 3 weeks. Depending in your interest, localized explorations are worthed.

How long does it take to drive Classic Nature Ecuador Road Trip?

The drive on the Classic Nature Ecuador Road Trip along the Avenue of the Volcanoes, driving off to visit unique places like the Cotopaxi National Park, visit the capital of the adventure town in Ecuador Baños, Tena the capital for white water rafting and jungle tours in Misahuallí, move to the clouds in Baeza and visit the highest waterfall in Ecuador and others great waterfalls around and finish our road trip with an steamy bath at Oyacachi Hot Spring.

Total Days: 15 Days

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

The 10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador, you will learn here.

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The Bromeliad Tree Frog of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador. Genus: Osteocephalus. Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.

The Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador or “Oriente” is one of the most biodiverse places on the surface of our Planet!

In this post, you will learn 10 amazing facts about the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest.

Animals in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

Ocelot in the Yasuni National Park in Ecuador.
The Ocelot is a medium-sized cat that wanders in the trails deep in the Yasuni National Park in Ecuador.

Before we sink into some facts about the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador, let’s watch a video filmed in Yasuni Biosphere Reserve ( National Park & Waorani Reserve ).

The Yasuni is said to be where Life exploded into millions of forms and shapes it is one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world.

Watch on YouTube via Fernando Vaca

Get your free Brochure for your Amazon Rainforest trip

Watch a Video of Yasuni National Park in Ecuador

Watch on YouTube via Fernando Vaca
Now, let’s learn more about the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

The Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador represents only 2% of the Amazon Basin which stretches across 9 countries, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guiana (Overseas France), Peru, and Suriname.

The Amazon Rainforest takes up only seven percent of the planet’s land mass, yet half the earth’s plant species are found in the Amazon Rainforest.

High net productivity is experienced in birds, mammals, reptiles, and insects, Life flourishes in every corner here.

The following facts focus on the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest.

Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador: 10 Amazing Facts

1) There is an incredible number of tree species in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador,
Just 62 acres (1/4 of a square kilometer) of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador supports over 1,100 species of trees.

That makes it among the highest of any region in the world.

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The Amazon Rainforest Tree Canopy

Amazon  Nature Trips in Ecuador

There are more species of trees and bushes in one hectare here than in all of North America!
2) The Amazon Rainforest is the largest region in Ecuador.
There are several Bioregions on mainland Ecuador, the Costa (Coastal lowlands), the Sierra (Andean highlands), and the Oriente (the Amazon).

The Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador covers the eastern portion of the country. It includes six Ecuadorian provinces:  Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Sucumbios, Morona Santiago, and Zamora-Chinchipe.

Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador Map

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Map of Ecuador, Amazon Rainforest is shown in green

Image Credit – Foros Ecuador

3) The number of animal species found in Ecuador’s Amazon is outstanding.
The Amazon in Ecuador is boasting of animal species with no rivals.

In Yasuni Biosphere Reserve alone there are 150 amphibian species (more than the U.S. and Canada combined), 121 species of reptiles, over 200 species of mammals, over 596 birds, and 382 species of fish.

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Rhinella Crested Toad, blend perfectly in the soil background of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

Animals in the Ecuador Amazon

Insects also love the Amazon. Over 70,000 species of insects can be found in one acre of rainforest.

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Rhetus butterflies are usually found singly or in very low numbers, in the vicinity of streams or rivers.

In the following video, you’ll see some of the animals that call the Amazon home.

This video was filmed in Yasuni National Park.

Animals of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador Video
Watch on YouTube via National Geographic
4) The Ecuadorian Amazon is a bird watcher’s paradise<span
With over 587 species of birds, the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador is a birder’s paradise. Birdwatching trips are a huge draw for visitors to this area.

With a knowledgeable guide, you could see around 250 to 300 species during your trip.

Birdwatching in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Tourism in the Yasuni National Park

The following video highlights some of the bird species in the Ecuador Amazon.
Birds of the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador Video

Watch on YouTube via Fernando Vaca

Learn more about Birds of the Amazon Rainforest.

5) There are 4 National Parks in Ecuador’s Amazon Jungle
There are 5 National Parks  in the Amazon Rainforest of Ecuador to promote the Conservation of Nature:

  • Yasuni
  • Cayambe-Coca
  • Llanganates
  • Sumaco Napo-Galeras
  • Río Negro-Sopladora

Yasuni National Park and Biosphere Reserve are said to be the most biodiverse place on earth. It’s Ecuador’s largest National Park and is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve.

Frogs in the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Bromeliad Tree Frog are active during the night, it moves in the canopy and occasionally come down to check what to eat.

There are other areas such as Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve, Limoncocha, which provide safe areas for wildlife.

These areas help protect the Amazon and are wonderful places to visit.
The following video was filmed in Yasuni National Park and highlights 28 amazing mammal species in this area.

Mammals in the Amazon Rainforest of Ecuador

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
In lowland Ecuador, where they have not been hunted, they are the most abundant primate in terms of biomass and number of individuals. In 1997 was recorded a density of more than 31 individuals/km² in the Yasuní National Park, Ecuador.

Watch on YouTube via Fernando Vaca

6) There are 7 major cities within the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The seven cities include:

  • Coca
  • Lago Agrio
  • Tena
  • Puyo
  • Macas
  • Zamora
10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
The last bridge before you reach to the Atlantic Ocean, over 3,500 kilometers away. El Coca. Orellana. Ecuador

The population in the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest is over 739,000, including the cities and six provinces found within the rainforest. There are still large areas in the Amazon Jungle in Ecuador that are uninhabited.

7) There are 9 indigenous cultures in the Amazon
There are 9 indigenous nationalities in the Ecuadorian Amazon: Kichwas, Shuar, Achuar, Shiwiar, Cofán, Siona, Secoya, Zápara, Andoa, and Waorani.

Some of them welcome tourists which is wonderful for family cultural experiences in Ecuador.
Visiting the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Amazon Birding in Ecuador

Two tribes (the Tagaeri and Taromenane) who live within the Yasuni National Park choose to live in isolation.
8) The climate is the same year-round
The climate in the Ecuador Amazon is pretty much the same year-round, warm and rainy.
Animals in the Ecuadorian Amazon

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Yellow-billed Jacamar sits and waits for food to fly by, most of the time can be seen at eye level.

The temperature averages around 28°C (82°F) in the daytime and drops to around 17°C (62°F) at night.

From February to May it experiences the highest rainfall while July through August are the drier months.
The Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador usually receives around 3500 mm of rain every year, so even during the drier months, heavy rainfall can happen at any time.

9) The Amazon River was discovered in Ecuador
The Amazon River was discovered by a Spanish expedition started in Quito in 1541 by an explorer and conquistador named Francisco de Orellana.

He discovered the river in 1542 and initially named it Rio de Orellana.

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
Francisco de Orellana discovers the Amazon River by accident while searching for El Dorado.

Travel to the Amazon in Ecuador

As he explored he battled with a tribe of Tapuyas. The women of that tribe fought alongside the men. He later named the river after the Amazons – a tribe of women warriors in Greek mythology.

10) The Amazon in Ecuador is threatened. There is a lot of oil (around 800 million barrels) under the Ecuadorian Rainforest.

Extracting it puts the Amazon at risk, including the plants, animals, and way of life for the people that live there.

Deforestation and illegal logging also threaten the area.

Amazon Jungle in Ecuador

Efforts are underway to protect the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.

Will You Visit the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador?
The Amazon is an exciting place to visit. Are you planning a trip?

Have you already visited Amazon?

Please share your thoughts by commenting on this post.

10 Amazing Facts About the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador
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