Learn about the Common Trees of the Amazon Rainforest living in the Yasuní.
During your Trip to the Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador, you will be learning about trees, their life history, ecological relationships with other forest creatures and also watch local people use it.
It seems endless, Yes! The Amazon Rainforest is an ocean of trees.
You will learn about the Common trees living in the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve, which comprises the Yasuní National Park, the Waorani Ethnic Reserve, and the 10 km Buffer Zone.
The Yasuní National Park was established on 29 July 1979 and the Waorani Ethnic Reserve was established in 1990.
The Yasuní Biosphere Reserve was established in 1989 by the UNESCO as a Mankind Biosphere Reserve for the future generations of the world.
The most important rivers in the Yasuní are the Napo River, Tiputini River, Tivacuno River, Shiripuno River, Yasuní River, Nashiño River, Cononaco River, and Curaray River.
What Weather is needed for An Ocean of Trees?
The trees have adapted to live in Tropical Humid with no seasons, with an average of 3200 mms of rainfall and an average temperature between 24 – 27 °C with the absolute extreme of 15 – 38 °C.
What Soil types Trees of the Rainforest Prefer?
The Soil of the Yasuní derived from tertiary drained sediments and volcanic sediments, like in many northern Amazonian, the Yasuní it has a wide range of topographic variations causing important changes in the type of soil and vegetation.
The Terra Tirme soils are well drained and oxygenated with a high content of clay and poor in organic matter. There is a significant variation in the nutrients accumulation related to inclination and elevation.
List of the Trees that can be found in Terra Firme:
- Anacardium excelsum (Bertero & Balb.) Anacardiaceae
- Calophyllum longifolium (Willd.) Clusiaceae
- Dipteryx panamensis (Pitt.) Papilionoideae
- Gustavia superba (H.B.K.) Berg. Lecythidaceae
- Tabebuia rosea (Bertl.) Bignoniaceae
- Virola surinamensis (Rol.) Warb. Myristicaceae
Várzea or Seasonal Floodplain soils inundated by whitewater rivers that occur in the Amazon biome composed of alluvial and fluvial Holocene sediments (less than 10,000 years old) loosed from the eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains.
List of the Trees that can be found in Varzea or Seasonal Floodplain:
- Seasonally flooded forest
- Carapa guianensis (Aubl.) Meliaceae
- Pachira aquatica (Aubl.) Bombacaceae
- Pentaclethra macroloba (Willd. Kuntze) Mimosoideae
- Prioria copaifera (Griseb.) Caesalpinioideae
- Pterocarpus officinalis (Jacq.) Papilionoideae
- Pterocarpus sp. Papilionoideae
The Common Genera of Pioneer Trees of the Rainforest
Spondias is a genus of flowering plants in the cashew family. They are distantly related to apple and plum trees. There are 7 species native to the Neotropics. They have commonly named hog plums, Spanish plums, in some cases golden apples.
Muntingia TILIACEAE – MUNTINGIACEAE